So it seems that the Linux kernels in Ubuntu 13.10 may have different defaults for the mount.cifs program.
I was reading the cifs documentation and it had the text:
SMB protocol version. Allowed values are:
· 1.0 - The classic CIFS/SMBv1 protocol. This is the default.
· 2.0 - The SMBv2.002 protocol. This was initially introduced in Windows Vista Service Pack 1, and
Windows Server 2008. Note that the initial release version of Windows Vista spoke a slightly different
dialect (2.000) that is not supported.
· 2.1 - The SMBv2.1 protocol that was introduced in Microsoft Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008R2.
· 3.0 - The SMBv3.0 protocol that was introduced in Microsoft Windows 8 and Windows Server 2012.
So I assumed that the archive$ was a Microsoft Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008R2 based server.
So finally I got this command ( old command with vers=2.1 added) to mount the share
alias mountr2='sudo mount -t cifs //server01.mycompany.com/archive$/StructuralBiology/RAW-Data /home/rawdata2 -o user=hari.lastname,rw,soft,nosuid,uid=1000,gid=1000,vers=2.1
The share then mounted just as before with full read and write permissions.
Sadly this took me a long while ( two plus months) to figure out.
Hoping the cifs module and mount.cifs program could spit out more useful and meaningful error messages to not make this process such a blackbox.